Fun Facts About Elephants


Fun Facts About Elephants

Elephants are the largest and heaviest land animals that exist on Earth at the moment. They’re probably also the most intelligent domesticated animal. They have the longest noses of any animal. They have the longest teeth, these are known as tusks. Their gestation period is the longest and it may be that they have the longest memories as well. This article will help you learn some other fun facts about elephants.

Elephants have lived all over the earth, everywhere except Australia and Antarctica.  They have lived in rainforests, deserts and glaciers.

A young elephant

Species of elephant

There were possibly 300 species of elephant. We now just have 2 left, the African elephant and the Asian elephant. There are two subspecies of the African elephant, the bush elephant and the round-eared elephant. Then there are three subspecies of the Asian elephant, the Sri Lankan, Indian and Sumatran elephants.

Family organisation

Male and female elephants (also known as bulls and cows) don’t live together. Usually, bulls will live together and the cows and their offspring will live together. The cows and calves (which are baby elephants) are usually in a herd which is led by an older elephant who will be a grandmother or maybe even a great-grandmother.

Mammoths and mastodons.

Many people will have heard of the woolly mammoth and know that it is one of the elephants’ extinct relatives. A woolly mammoth was found by a fisherman in Russia in 1799. It was frozen in a block of ice. Many other woolly mammoth tusks have been found in this area.

In North America, there were also some mammoths found but there were more mastodon remains found. Mastodons were similar to mammoths but they were shaped slightly differently. The mammoth had back which sloped downwards towards their tails, whereas mastodons have backs which are more level.

A woolly mammoth


Ivory boomerang – Poland 23000 years ago

Stone Age tools weapons

Elephant feet

Elephants have large round feet and are designed to walk quietly around the forest when they want to. As they put their feet down on the ground the size of their feet expands slightly. Most elephants have five toes on each foot, but some African elephants only have four toes. However, their toes do not stick out like ours do but are covered in skin. Their “toenails” are attached to the front of the round foot rather than their toe bones and look a bit like hooves.

The Elephant’s Trunk

An elephant’s trunk is a bit like having a combined arm and a nose.

The trunk will suck up water and then put it into its mouth so that it doesn’t have to put its head right down to the water to drink. You will also see elephants squirt water all over their bodies and also each other as a game.

The end of the African elephants’ trunk seems to operate almost like a finger and thumb. It can pick things up and even take grit out of its eyes.

The Asian elephant seems to have one finger on its trunk so it picks things up by curling its trunk around them.

The elephant can move its trunk in any direction and it can also stretch its trunk to reach things.


Tusks are the elephant’s front two teeth but they have grown much bigger than the other teeth. They can grow about 17 cm or 8 inches per year. They are used as tools and weapons and sometimes the elephants will sharpen one or both of them to make them more effective.

Unfortunately, many elephants have been killed for their tusks, also known as ivory, as poachers have been able to sell them for a lot of money.  Tusks don’t wear out and last a whole lifetime unless they get damaged.

An ivory boomerang was found in Poland. It was thought to be 23,000 years ago

Ivory was used in the Stone Age both to make tools and weapons.

The Other Teeth

Elephants also have to lower teeth which they use to grind up their food. These teeth do get worn out and they get replaced about 6 times in an elephant’s lifetime. Each replacement is bigger than the last. Final teeth will be about the size of house bricks.

Elephants are constantly eating

Ok, not constantly! But for about three-quarters of the day and night elephants are collecting and eating their food. Elephants eat from 100 to 200 kg of food in the wild. They eat plants, they are herbivores, but they can’t eat cellulose which makes up a lot of what plants are made of. This is why elephant poo doesn’t contain much undigested plant fibre or seeds.

Elephants like bananas, other fruits and sugar cane so they are happy when they find these but they also trample these crops and push over the trees. This is a major problem for the people who have cultivated these as they can have their livelihood destroyed.

Elephant Quiz

Watch this video and see if you can answer these questions?

Can you name 5 things that elephants eat?

How old are the male elephants when they stop living with their female relatives?

For how long are female elephants pregnant?

How much does a baby elephant weigh when it is born?

Which elephants can’t run?  Why can’t they?

What is special about elephants and mirrors?

How do elephants protect their skin from sunlight?


Some Baby Elephant Clips


Some Elephants Running to Greet their Friend



Elephants Can Hear Through Their Feet!

The first minute of this video gives you an overview, carry on with the video if you what to know more about the science behind this.

10 thoughts on “Fun Facts About Elephants”

  1. This is really informative. I was only looking for something online to entertain my daughter’s wee ones while cooking and came to your site, due to elephants.

    I home schooled my children for years. It never occurred to me there is a site like this. My grandchildren enjoyed the fun facts about elephants video. 

    Why is there only two species of elephants left? Never heard and read of this before.

    I might be too late to use your site but my daughter with her three toddlers will enjoy making this a part of her teaching instruction.

    1. Thank you Eli.  I too wondered about why all those other species of elephant died out.  I suppose that may be true of lots of animals.  I will update the site if I find out more.

  2. This is fantastic Julia. Sad to hear there are only two species of elephants left. I really enjoyed watching the baby elephant and I shall be looking forward to reading more on your site. My sister runs her own Montessori school so I will be directing her to your site.


    1. Hi Anne,

      Thank you for your comments.

      I wondered how different the other species of elephant were. Perhaps if I find out I will return to extend this article with my findings.

      Thank you for letting your sister know about my site – I hope she finds it useful.

      Tell her to let me know if there is a subject she would like to read about.

      All the best!


  3. Great post and it is interesting.

    Elephants are indeed very intelligent animals, it is only sad that because of us they nearly are gone.

    Did you know that they already tested it to clone a mammoth again and they actually will succeed?

    This means so good news, also for other animals that were gone!

    Thanks for sharing this info about the elephants!

  4. It’s sad to hear there are only 2 species of elephants left in the world from a few hundred but that’s exactly how our beautiful earth is going, isn’t it?

    Do you know some of the names of the other species that were killed off and made extinct?

    Losing such an awesome creature completely would be tragic and we all need to do what we can to make sure that it doesn’t happen.

    I just popped online as my son has an African animal project to do for school and happened to find this great post which he absolutely loves by the way so I will have to cut this comment short as my son wants to keep learning about elephants, lol.

    Thanks for entertain g and educating my son for me for a few hours while I get in with the housework 😀

  5. I enjoyed reading about the types of Elephants still left, Sadly they are dwindling mainly I guess to the poachers but hopefully, more will be done to save the remaining ones in the wild.

     But the education you have provided would be great for many on the young ones wanting to learn more about our wildlife hopefully for many decades to come. 

    Always love watching the baby elephant videos so much fun not just for the kids but for the adults as well.A wonderful change in seeing a website sharing the beauty and knowledge on the animal kingdom.

    Thank you for that.

    Wishing you well going forward


  6. Hi Julia,I really enjoyed this article on elephants.They seem to be such loving and intelligent animals.Some of the things I really liked about your article were the :

    Great kids videos

    Really cute baby elephants video

    Great layout

    Easy to follow style of writing for kids

    Great work here Julia,loved it !!

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