15 amazing facts about elephants (Poems for KS1 and KS2)

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The Largest Animal on Land

The African elephant is the world’s largest animal on land.

Their ears are big, their trunk is long,

and they can weigh up to two tons!

These gentle giants are often poached,

but they still roam the African plains,

painting the landscape with their huge bodies.

They are a sight to behold and a force to be reckoned with,

The mightiest of all elephants.

Elephant’s tusks are teeth!

Elephant tusks are teeth,
But they are also so much more.
They are symbols of power,
And tools for survival.

Elephant tusks are weapons,
Sharp and deadly when needed.
They can be used to crush bones,
Or to defend against danger.

Elephant tusks are symbols of strength,
And reminders of the power of nature.
They are a part of who elephants are,
And help define their place in the world.

Elephants tusks are teeth

Elephants have amazing memories

 

Elephants have amazing memories
Of their friends and family
They never forget a face
Even after years have passed
And they always seem to know
When someone is in need
They are truly remarkable creatures
And we can all learn a thing or two
From these amazing animals.

The African elephants’ ears

African elephants have large ears shaped like the continent of Africa
Their trumpeting calls can be heard for miles,
And when they run, their heavy bodies shake the ground.
Africa is their home, and they are a sight to behold.
In the morning light, their tusks gleam white,
As they walk through the long grasses, searching for food.
Their babies are so adorable, with big brown eyes,
And when they trumpet it sounds like a song.
African elephants are magnificent creatures, and we should all appreciate them!

African elephant ears

Asian elephants have smaller ears

 

Asian elephants have smaller ears
And they’re shaped like India
Their skin is wrinkled and grey
They’re known for being very gentle
Though they’re still quite large
Asian elephants are a beautiful sight
And they’re definitely worth a look.

Indian elephant ears

There are Three Species of Elephant

The elephant is one of the largest land animals on the planet.
There are three species of elephants: the African Savannah elephant, the African Forest elephant and the Asian elephant.
The African Savannah elephant is the biggest of the three, with males weighing in at around two-and-a-half tonnes.
The African Forest elephant is smaller, with males weighing in at around two tonnes.
The Asian elephant is smallest of all, with males weighing in at around a tonne.
All three species have a long trunk which they use to pluck food from the ground, as well as to drink, shower and dust themselves in mud.
Elephants are also able to swim quite well!

Elephants can hear through their Feet

Elephants can hear through their feet
They can feel the ground shake
They can hear the trodden earth
As an elephant passes by
The vibrations travel through their feet
And up to their ears
So they can always be aware
Of what’s going on around them.

Elephants Honour Their Dead

Elephants have a way of life,
A way of living that is very precise.
They always put their family first,
And show great respect for their dead.
When an elephant dies,
The others gather around and mourn,
Picking through their dead friend’s hair,
In a way that is both touching and sad.
For elephants, death is a time to reflect,
On all the good times they shared together,
And to remember the one who has passed,
With love and honour in their hearts.

 

Elephants use sunscreen

 

Elephants are gentle giants
Mud is their sunscreen
They have very sensitive skin
Which needs to be kept covered
The mud blocks the sun’s harmful rays
And helps keep them cool in the heat
Elephants are gentle and loving creatures.
Who use their natural sunscreen
To protect their delicate skin

 

Elephants and mice

Elephants and mice
They are so different
Elephants are big and strong
Mice are small and weak
But they both have something in common
They both love to eat
Elephants love to eat leaves and trees
Mice love to eat cheese and crackers

BTW Elephants are not afraid of mice!

 

Elephants can swim

 

Elephants can swim
they use their trunk to breathe like a snorkel in deep water.
They’re not afraid of getting wet
their sturdy trunk can hold their breath long enough
to stay underwater and explore.
The other elephants watch from the shore
as the ones who’ve ventured into the water
come back up, dripping and happy.

 

100,000 muscles in their trunk

Elephants have 100,000 muscles in their trunk
They can use it for drinking, bathing, and holding onto things
The trunk is also very strong
Elephants can use it to pick up things that are very heavy
Or to push things out of their way
The trunk is a very important part of an elephant’s body
And they use it all the time.

Elephants can walk backwards.

Elephants can walk both forwards and backwards
They’re not just stuck in one direction
This big animal is so graceful
It can move its trunk whichever way it wants
And it can walk backwards with such ease
Elephants are one of my favorite animals
I’m glad they can walk in more than one way.

Elephants scatter seeds around the forest

Elephants are one of the most important seed dispersers in the forest.
The seeds of many plants travel through their digestive system and are deposited elsewhere in their droppings.
This is an important way for plants to spread and reproduce, and it would not be possible without elephants.
Thank you, elephants, for helping to carry the seeds of life!
The plants have a much better chance to thrive.

Elephants and mirrors!

Elephants can recognise themselves in a mirror
They are not surprised
Seeing their huge form
Staring back at them
They know they are unique
Large and strong
Commanding attention
In the herd or on their own
They are happy in their skin.

Fun Facts About Elephants

 

Fun Facts About Elephants

Elephants are the largest and heaviest land animals that exist on Earth at the moment. They’re probably also the most intelligent domesticated animal. They have the longest noses of any animal. They have the longest teeth, these are known as tusks. Their gestation period is the longest and it may be that they have the longest memories as well. This article will help you learn some other fun facts about elephants.

Elephants have lived all over the earth, everywhere except Australia and Antarctica.  They have lived in rainforests, deserts and glaciers.

A young elephant

Species of elephant

There were possibly 300 species of elephant. We now just have 2 left, the African elephant and the Asian elephant. There are two subspecies of the African elephant, the bush elephant and the round-eared elephant. Then there are three subspecies of the Asian elephant, the Sri Lankan, Indian and Sumatran elephants.

Family organisation

Male and female elephants (also known as bulls and cows) don’t live together. Usually, bulls will live together and the cows and their offspring will live together. The cows and calves (which are baby elephants) are usually in a herd which is led by an older elephant who will be a grandmother or maybe even a great-grandmother.

Mammoths and mastodons.

Many people will have heard of the woolly mammoth and know that it is one of the elephants’ extinct relatives. A woolly mammoth was found by a fisherman in Russia in 1799. It was frozen in a block of ice. Many other woolly mammoth tusks have been found in this area.

In North America, there were also some mammoths found but there were more mastodon remains found. Mastodons were similar to mammoths but they were shaped slightly differently. The mammoth had back which sloped downwards towards their tails, whereas mastodons have backs which are more level.

A woolly mammoth

 

Ivory boomerang – Poland 23000 years ago

Stone Age tools weapons

Elephant feet

Elephants have large round feet and are designed to walk quietly around the forest when they want to. As they put their feet down on the ground the size of their feet expands slightly. Most elephants have five toes on each foot, but some African elephants only have four toes. However, their toes do not stick out like ours do but are covered in skin. Their “toenails” are attached to the front of the round foot rather than their toe bones and look a bit like hooves.

The Elephant’s Trunk

An elephant’s trunk is a bit like having a combined arm and a nose.

The trunk will suck up water and then put it into its mouth so that it doesn’t have to put its head right down to the water to drink. You will also see elephants squirt water all over their bodies and also each other as a game.

The end of the African elephants’ trunk seems to operate almost like a finger and thumb. It can pick things up and even take grit out of its eyes.

The Asian elephant seems to have one finger on its trunk so it picks things up by curling its trunk around them.

The elephant can move its trunk in any direction and it can also stretch its trunk to reach things.

Tusks

Tusks are the elephant’s front two teeth but they have grown much bigger than the other teeth. They can grow about 17 cm or 8 inches per year. They are used as tools and weapons and sometimes the elephants will sharpen one or both of them to make them more effective.

Unfortunately, many elephants have been killed for their tusks, also known as ivory, as poachers have been able to sell them for a lot of money.  Tusks don’t wear out and last a whole lifetime unless they get damaged.

An ivory boomerang was found in Poland. It was thought to be 23,000 years ago

Ivory was used in the Stone Age both to make tools and weapons.

The Other Teeth

Elephants also have to lower teeth which they use to grind up their food. These teeth do get worn out and they get replaced about 6 times in an elephant’s lifetime. Each replacement is bigger than the last. Final teeth will be about the size of house bricks.

Elephants are constantly eating

Ok, not constantly! But for about three-quarters of the day and night elephants are collecting and eating their food. Elephants eat from 100 to 200 kg of food in the wild. They eat plants, they are herbivores, but they can’t eat cellulose which makes up a lot of what plants are made of. This is why elephant poo doesn’t contain much undigested plant fibre or seeds.

Elephants like bananas, other fruits and sugar cane so they are happy when they find these but they also trample these crops and push over the trees. This is a major problem for the people who have cultivated these as they can have their livelihood destroyed.

Elephant Quiz

Watch this video and see if you can answer these questions?

Can you name 5 things that elephants eat?

How old are the male elephants when they stop living with their female relatives?

For how long are female elephants pregnant?

How much does a baby elephant weigh when it is born?

Which elephants can’t run?  Why can’t they?

What is special about elephants and mirrors?

How do elephants protect their skin from sunlight?

 

Some Baby Elephant Clips

 

Some Elephants Running to Greet their Friend

 

 

Elephants Can Hear Through Their Feet!

The first minute of this video gives you an overview, carry on with the video if you what to know more about the science behind this.