Planet Earth Facts

Planet Earth Facts

This article has been inspired by a book called The Big Countdown: Seven Quintillion, Five hundred Quadrillion Grains of Sand on Planet Earth. Its author is Paul Rockett. It is full of pictures, infographics and amazing planet Earth facts. It was published in 2014 so I imagine that most of the facts are still correct.

The book

Planet Surface

70.8% of the earth’s surface is water.

29.2% of the earth’s surface is land.

The Earth’s Atmosphere

This book takes great delight in using enormous numbers. It tells us about the Earth’s atmosphere is that it is made up of atoms as is everything around us.  Apparently, some scientists think that there are about 200 tredecillion atoms in the atmosphere. One tredecillion has 42 zeros in it!

We learn about the 5 layers of the Earth’s atmosphere.  They are the troposphere, the stratosphere, the mesosphere, thermosphere and exosphere. The outer layer of the exosphere is 8000 kilometres away, well not exactly because there isn’t a specific edge. It just drifts off into outer space.

One of the facts I found interesting, is that an estimated 40 tonnes of meteors crash into the middle layer every single day.  Luckily for us, they burnt out before getting any closer to the Earth.

7 Quintillion, 500 Quadrillion Grains Of Sand On The Planet Earth

7 Quintillion, 500 Quadrillion Grains Of Sand On The Planet Earth is part of the title of the book and is also a chapter title.

This is obviously an estimate.  There is no way anyone could count all the grains of sand on the Earth.  Sand comes in different sizes anything from 0.06 of a millimetre to 2 mm. To come up with the number 7 quintillion 500 quadrillion,  scientist calculated how many grains of sand would fit into a teaspoon and then they multiplied the number of teaspoons they thought they were in all the beaches in the world and all the deserts in the world. How accurate do you think they might have been?

There are some amazingly long beaches in the world,  according to this book the longest one in the world is Praia do Cassino beach in Brazil which is just over 250 km long. The next couple of longest beaches are Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh which is just over 240 km long and Padre Island Texas where the beach is about 230 km long. After that come to beaches which are both called Ninety Mile Beach one of them is in New Zealand and one of them is in Australia.  The one that is in Australia is actually slightly longer and the one that is in New Zealand is actually about 88 miles long not 90 as its name suggests.

The largest sun sand castle in the world was built in America and was nearly as tall as 3 double decker buses.

Deserts make up about 9.5% of the world surface, however, only about 20% of the deserts in the world are covered by sand. The others are covered with rocks and pebbles and different types of soils.

People

We now have over 7 billion people living on the Earth. This is twice as many as they were 50 years ago. In the next 50 years it is estimated that we will have over 9 billion people living on the Earth. Nearly 90 babies are born every 20 seconds.

The Earth’s population is spread over 7 continents – Asia, Africa, North  America, South America, Europe, Australasia and Antarctica.

Asia has the largest land mass and also the largest population with over 4 billion people living there, most of those in China.

Australasia has the fewest people living there.  Nobody lives there permanently but about 4000 scientists come To live and work there each year.

Water

As we’ve said most of the Earth is covered with water,  70.8% of its surface in fact. 68.3% of the earth’s surface is covered with saltwater and 2.5% of the earth’s surface is covered with freshwater. However, about 41% of the known species of fish are only found in freshwater.

The largest fish that is found in salt water is the whale shark which can grow up to 12 metres in length and its mouth is 1 and 1/2 metres wide!

The largest freshwater fish is the Beluga sturgeon this can live in both freshwater and saltwater and it can measure up to 5 metres long.

Sea sponges are a type of animal life, scientists reckon that they have probably been around for over 760 trillion years.

Most of us will have heard of the longest rivers in the world the very longest is the river Nile in Africa which is about 6,650 km long after that is the Amazon in South America, the Yangtze in Asia and the Mississippi in North America.

The largest waterfalls in the world are the Angel Falls in Venezuela Which has a height of 979 m, and then Tugela in South Africa and then or Utigord in Norway.

Volcanoes

Children often enjoy learning about volcanoes at school.  There are three types of volcanoes – Composite volcanoes, Cinder Cone volcanoes, and Shield volcanoes.

Volcanoes can also be classified as active dormant or extinct.

Active means it’s erupted in the last 10000 years.  Dormant volcanoes, are those which have not erupted but they might erupt again, and Extinct volcanoes are those which are not expected to ever erupt again.

Inside a volcano - diagram

For more information

For more details on these and many other subjects you might like to get a copy of the book – it is available for 35% off (at the time of writing) and free P&P to anywhere in the world from Book Depository

Contents page

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How Many Countries In Africa?

How Many Countries In Africa?

There are 54 countries in Africa.  Here is a list and some interesting information about them.  So next time someone asks, “How many countries in Africa?” you can tell them more than just the number.

Here is a list in alphabetical order (except I put the 2 Congos together)  with some interesting facts about each country. These are not necessarily the most important things about each of these countries but they just grabbed my attention.

The countries and a few facts about them

Algeria – Algeria is the largest country by area in Africa. It produces some of the best dates in the world.

Angola – Nearly 70% of the people in Angola are under 24 years old.  Dreadlocks were first worn in Angola.

Benin – Royal pythons are worshipped in Benin. There is a place called the Temple of Pythons which houses about 50 adult royal pythons.

Botswana – Many people around the world feel they know a bit about Botswana because the book  “The First Ladies Detective Agency” was set in Botswana. There are large areas for animals to roam around in Botswana as about 40% of the land is made up of nature reserves and national parks.

Leopard

Burkina Faso – Burkina Faso is the largest producer of cotton in Africa. It is known as “white gold”. Its capital city is called Ouagadougou which is pronounced Wagadugu!

Burundi – at Mugere in Burundi is the Livingstone-Stanley Monument. It overlooks Lake Tanganyika and marks the spot where David Livingstone met Henry Morton Stanley and spent a couple of nights there in 1781.  92% of the population of Burundi still live in rural areas and group jogging is banned!

Cabo Verde – Cabo Verde is also known as the Cape Verde islands. The islands are covered with mountains which makes growing food difficult.  There is lots of interesting marine life around including Loggernest Turtles and Humpback Whales.

Cameroon – Cameroon has a lake called Lake Nyos which is considered the most dangerous in the world as it has poisonous gases from a local volcano going into it. People come to Cameroon to see the hippos and also the forest deer which are called bongos. The bongos have white stripes on them which helps to camouflage them.

Central African Republic – The Central African Republic as its name suggests is in the middle of Africa.  It has lots of lowland gorillas and forest elephants.

Chad – If you go to the to the Tibesti Mountains in Chad you can see some of the best camel racing in the world. About a third of the country is covered by the Sahara desert.  The country is named after Lake Chad. Lake Chad has shrunk by about 95% since 1963 but it’s still the 17th largest lake in the world.

Comoros – The Comoros is made up of three tropical islands with amazing beaches.  There is an active volcano called Mount Karthala which has erupted more than 20 times since the 19th century.

Democratic Republic of the Congo – The Democratic Republic of the Congo is the only country where wild bonobos and the eastern lowland gorillas are found. We need to make sure that they don’t become extinct.

Gorilla with arms folded

Republic of the Congo – One of the major rivers in the Republic of the Congo is the Congo River which is the deepest in the world in some places. Depths of over 220 metres have been recorded.

Cote d’Ivoire –  The Cote d’Ivoire has the largest church in the world which was modelled on the Vatican and finished in 1990.  It can hold a congregation of 18000. However, it is rarely that full. The national football team is called Les Éléphants.

Djibouti – Lake Assal in Djibouti is saltier than the Dead Sea. After the sun sets taxi fares increase by about 50%.

Egypt – The Egyptian alphabet has over 700 hieroglyphs! Most of Egypt is made up of desert – The Sahara and Libyan Deserts.

The Sphinx in Egypt

Equatorial Guinea – Spanish is the official language. The Goliath frog lives here. The Goliath frog is large – it is about a foot long and weighs more than 3 kilos!

Eritrea – Eritrea means “red”, it is named after the Red Sea. It is likely that early humans migrated out of Africa from Eritrea.

eSwatini (formerly Swaziland) – The Ngwenya Mine is considered to be the world’s oldest mine – red ochre was extracted about 43,000 years ago and then iron later on. There are many rock paintings – some are as old as 25,000 B.C., others maybe just a couple of hundred years old.

Ethiopia – a human fossil which is about 3 million years old and known as Lucy was found in Ethiopia in 1974. Since then even older fossils were found in 2001.  These fossils are about 5 million years old and are the oldest human remains ever found.

Gabon – The first people to live in Gabon were pygmies. The president is called Ali Bongo Ondimba which I think is a great name. 80% of Africa’s gorillas live here.

Gambia – Gambia is the smallest country in Africa. It Is also very narrow. At its widest, it is just 30 miles wide. One of Gambia’s largest exports is peanuts.

Ghana – Ghana used to be known as the Gold Coast. Gold was and is mined there. Ghana has the largest reservoir/artificial lake. It’s over 320 miles long and can be seen from space.

Guinea – There are 22 West African rivers that start in Guinea Including the Niger River, the Gambia River, and the Senegal River.

Guinea-Bissau – People from this region are known as Bissau-Guineans and not Guinea-Bissauans.

Kenya – Kenya has lots of national parks and nature reserves.  Lots of tourists come to Kenya to look at the animals. The highest mountain in Kenya and the second highest in Africa Is called Mount Kenya.

An African Lion

Lesotho – Lesotho has about 300 days of sunshine each year. There is a dinosaur called the Lesothosaurus which means lizard from Lesotho.  Its footprints can be seen in the rocks.

Liberia – The Sapo National Park Is in Liberia and in this park there are some very rare pygmy hippopotami. The Liberian flag is a bit like the American flag it has 11 white and red stripes which are two reminders of the 11 people who signed the Liberian Declaration of Independence.

Libya – Libya is 95% desert and so it needs to import 75% of its food.  It has 1100 miles of coastline which makes it the longest Mediterranean coastline.   There are superb Roman and Greek ruins including at Leptis Magna, which was described as one of the most beautiful Roman cities in the world.

Madagascar – Madagascar is an island country.  In fact, it is the fourth largest island in the world. Lemurs are only found here. There are lots of different species of lemur many of which are rare or endangered.

Malawi – More than a fifth of Malawi is taken up by Lake Malawi.  There are more species of fish there than anywhere else. David Livingstone described it as a “Lake of Stars” because of all the fishing boats with lanterns on it. It has also been called the Calendar Lake as it is 365 miles long and 52 miles wide.

Mali – In the early 1300s, Emperor Mansa Musa went to Mecca on a pilgrimage. Mansa Musa was very rich. He took with him 60,000 men, 12,000 slaves and 80 camels. Each camel carried 30 to 50 pounds of gold. Every Friday along the way Mansa Musa built a mosque.

Mauritania – In Mauritania there is an amazing circular feature in the desert called the Richat Structure or the Eye of the Sahara. It has a diameter of 25 miles! Early astronauts used it as a landmark to look for when they were in space.

ASTER Richat

Mauritius – The Dodo an exotic bird which is now extinct used to live on Mauritius. About 90% of cultivated land is used for growing sugarcane.  However, Mauritius is probably best known as a tourist destination.

Morocco –  There is a university called al-Qarawiyin in Fez. It was built by a woman in 849 as a madrasa –  which is an educational institution. it is considered by many people to be the oldest university in the world.

Mozambique – Mozambique is the only country in the world that has a weapon on its flag.  It is also the only country in the world to have a one-word name that contains all the vowels.  If you play Scrabble you might also like to know that it is worth 34 points which is more than any other country.  Not that you would use it as you don’t normally include nouns when playing Scrabble.

Namibia – Namibia has desert elephants!  These are not a particular type of elephant although one time it was thought that they might be a subspecies of the African elephant, but these are elephants that have chosen to live in the desert. Now, from large animals to a large plant.  Namibia has an 800-year-old baobab tree which has been hollowed out and used as a church, a Post Office and a hideout. It is at the Ombalantu Baobab Tree Heritage Centre & Campsite.

Niger – A strange looking dinosaur was discovered here, at least its head was strange. It was named Nigersaurus after the country. It had a head like a hammerhead shark with loads of teeth in it which was good for grazing on ferns.  It had a long neck and was about 30 feet long together.

Nigeria – Nigeria has 170 million people which makes it the country with the largest population in Africa. The longest bridge in Africa is in Nigeria. It connects Lagos Island to the mainland. The Nigerian movie industry is called Nollywood. About 200 movies every week are produced.

Rwanda – Rwanda is known as the land of a thousand hills,  as it is covered by grassy hills. You can visit gorillas in the wild in Rwanda. Kigali is incredibly clean as on the last Saturday of every month there is a community clear up programme.

Sao Tome and Principe – There is a beach called Praia Jalé, where you can stay in huts where there is no electricity. On some mornings giant sea turtles come onto the beach to lay their eggs.

Senegal – The most western part of Africa is in Senegal.  There are over a 1000 stone circles which have been created from about 300 BCE and 1600 CE – these are called the Stone Circles of Senegambia.

Seychelles – Esmerelda the largest tortoise in the world lives here and is about 170 years old.  Seychelles used to be a hideout for pirates.

Sierra Leone – In Sierra Leone there are 20 different words for rice including one for rice that sticks to the bottom of the pan.  The name Sierra Leone comes from the Portuguese for “Lion Mountain Range”.

Somalia – There are more camels in Somalia than in any other country.  Somalia has the longest coastline in Africa. It is 1880 miles long.

Camel head

South Africa – South Africa has hosted the football, rugby and cricket world cups and it the only country to have done so.  There are many wild animals in South Africa, but did you know that there are African Penguins living there?

South Sudan – South Sudan is a very new country. The first baby boy born on the day it became independent was called, “Independent”.

Sudan – Sudan became 25% smaller when South Sudan separated from it. There are more pyramids in Sudan than in Egypt.

Tanzania – Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa and Lake Tanganyika is the deepest lake in Africa. They are both in Tanzania.  Six species of galagos or bushbabies live in Tanzania.

Togo – In Togo, it is considered rude to be seen smelling your food and a compliment to be told you are fat.

Tunisia – Carthage which was a very important city in Roman times and has many amazing ruins which you can visit is in Tunisia.  Lots of scenes from the original Star Wars film like Luke’s home are in Tunisia and are visited by Star Wars fans.

Uganda – Ugandans love trees, they have a rule that if you cut one down, you must plant 3 more. One favourite food is a pan of fried grasshoppers. This is considered a great treat.

Zambia – Zambia’s longest river is the Zambezi, after which it is named.  The Victoria Falls which is classed as the largest waterfall in the world is on the Zambezi river between Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Zimbabwe – In the 10th century this was a rich gold-trading country, where they build big stone houses. It is believed that Zimbabwe means either stone houses or honourable houses.

How many of these countries had you heard of?

Now can you fill in the missing vowels?

(Answers after the films and the craft activity.)

Ngr
Ghn
Ethp
Algr
Mdgscr
Ertr
Ml
Cntrl Afrcn Rpblc
Gmb
Gn-Bss
Rpblc f th Cng
Brnd
Egypt
Gn
Sngl
Djbt
Tnzn
Srr Ln
Btswn
Zmbbw
Sth Sdn
Ugnd
Sdn
Rwnd
Dmcrtc Rpblc f th Cng
Gbn
Mlw
Tg
Angl
Zmb
Eqtrl Gn
Mzmbq
Lsth
Swtn (frmrly Swzlnd)
Sml
Lbr
Cmrs
Kny
Chd
Ngr
Mrtn
Brkn Fs
Mrts
Bnn
Cb Vrd
Sth Afrc
Mrcc
S Tm nd Prncp
Lby
Tns
Sychlls
Nmb
Ct d’Ivr

A Song about the Countries of Africa

Here is a song from Arthur – if I had listened to this first I could have saved many hours of research!!

You might notice a couple of differences – put them in the comments below if you spot them.

 

This song tells you the names of the capitals of the African countries

 

 

A craft activity

A picture of an African savanna scene
A picture of an African savanna scene used with permission.

For instructions and templates to make your own please go to:

https://www.firstpalette.com/Craft_themes/Animals/africansavannadiorama/africansavannadiorama.html

Answers from the Missing Vowels quiz

Nigeria
Ghana
Ethiopia
Algeria
Madagascar
Eritrea
Mali
Central African Republic
Gambia
Guinea-Bissau
Republic of the Congo
Burundi
Egypt
Guinea
Senegal
Djibouti
Tanzania
Sierra Leone
Botswana
Zimbabwe
South Sudan
Uganda
Sudan
Rwanda
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Gabon
Malawi
Togo
Angola
Zambia
Equatorial Guinea
Mozambique
Lesotho
eSwatini (formerly Swaziland)
Somalia
Liberia
Comoros
Kenya
Chad
Niger
Mauritania
Burkina Faso
Mauritius
Benin
Cabo Verde
South Africa
Morocco
Sao Tome and Principe
Libya
Tunisia
Seychelles
Namibia
Cote d’Ivoire
Cameroon

Comments and Feedback

I hope you enjoyed this page.  Please let me know if you have any comments, suggestions or questions below in the comments area.  I look forward to hearing from you!

 

 

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European Countries and Capitals

Europe

Photo by Calvin Hanson on Unsplash

Countries and Capitals

How many people know their countries and capitals?  How many people even know all the countries in Europe?  Probably not that many.   Have a look at theses lists and see how familiar they are?  Maybe you might like to try out the missing vowels quiz or the anagrams quiz?

 

An Alphabetical List of European Countries and Capitals.

 

Albania                                     Tirana

Andorra                                    Andorra la Vella

Armenia                                    Yerevan

Austria                                     Vienna

Azerbaijan                                Baku

Belarus                                     Minsk

Belgium                                    Brussels

Bosnia and Herzegovina            Sarajevo

Bulgaria                                    Sofia

Croatia                                     Zagreb

Cyprus                                      Nicosia

Czech Republic                         Prague

Denmark                                  Copenhagen

Estonia                                     Tallinn

Finland                                     Helsinki

France                                      Paris

Georgia                                     Tbilisi

Germany                                  Berlin

Greece                                      Athens

Hungary                                   Budapest

Iceland                                     Reykjavik

Ireland                                     Dublin

Italy                                         Rome

Kazakhstan                              Astana

Kosovo                                     Pristina

Latvia                                       Riga

Liechtenstein                            Vaduz

Lithuania                                  Vilnius

Luxembourg                              Luxembourg

Macedonia                                Skopje

Malta                                        Valletta

Moldova                                    Chisinau

Monaco                                    Monaco

Montenegro                              Podgorica

Netherlands                              Amsterdam

Norway                                     Oslo

Poland                                      Warsaw

Portugal                                    Lisbon

Romania                                   Bucharest

Russia                                      Moscow

San Marino                               San Marino

Scotland                                   Edinburgh

Serbia                                                 Belgrade

Slovakia                                   Bratislava

Slovenia                                   Ljubljana

Spain                                        Madrid

Sweden                                    Stockholm

Switzerland                              Bern

Turkey                                     Ankara

Ukraine                                    Kyiv

England                                    London

Vatican City (Holy See)             Vatican City

Wales                                       Cardiff

An Alphabetical List of European Capitals and their Countries.

 

Amsterdam                               Netherlands

Andorra la Vella                         Andorra

Ankara                                     Turkey

Astana                                      Kazakhstan

Athens                                     Greece

Baku                                        Azerbaijan

Belgrade                                   Serbia

Berlin                                        Germany

Bern                                         Switzerland

Bratislava                                 Slovakia

Brussels                                   Belgium

Bucharest                                 Romania

Budapest                                  Hungary

Cardiff                                      Wales

Chisinau                                   Moldova

Copenhagen                              Denmark

Dublin                                      Ireland

Edinburgh                                 Scotland

Helsinki                                    Finland

Kyiv                                          Ukraine

Lisbon                                      Portugal

Ljubljana                                  Slovenia

London                                     England

Luxembourg                              Luxembourg

Madrid                                      Spain

Minsk                                        Belarus

Monaco                                    Monaco

Moscow                                    Russia

Nicosia                                     Cyprus

Oslo                                         Norway

Paris                                         France

Podgorica                                  Montenegro

Prague                                      Czech Republic

Pristina                                     Kosovo

Reykjavik                                 Iceland

Riga                                         Latvia

Rome                                        Italy

San Marino                               San Marino

Sarajevo                                   Bosnia and Herzegovina

Skopje                                      Macedonia

Sofia                                        Bulgaria

Stockholm                                Sweden

Tallinn                                      Estonia

Tbilisi                                        Georgia

Tirana                                       Albania

Vaduz                                        Liechtenstein

Valletta                                     Malta

Vatican City                              Vatican City (Holy See)

Vienna                                      Austria

Vilnius                                      Lithuania

Warsaw                                    Poland

Yerevan                                    Armenia

Zagreb                                      Croatia

 

 

 

Let’s start with something straight-forward.  Here we have countries with their capitals but with the vowels missing.

grmny – brln

lbn – trn

hngry        – bdpst

clnd – rykjvk

fnlnd – hlsnk

ksv – prstn

str – vnn

grc – thns

rlnd – dbln

lchtnstn – vdz

ndrr – ndrr l vll

mlt – vlltt

tly – rm

kzkhstn – stn

ltv – rg

zrbjn – bk

lthn – vlns

lxmbrg – lxmbrg

mcdn        – skpj

mldv – chsn

dnmrk – cpnhgn

mnc – mnc

crt – zgrb

mntngr – pdgrc

plnd – wrsw

nthrlnds – mstrdm

czch rpblc – prg

nrwy – sl

prtgl – lsbn

blgr – sf

grg –         tbls

slvn – ljbljn

rss – mscw

spn –         mdrd

blrs – mnsk

slvk – brtslv

frnc – prs

stn – tllnn

rmn – bchrst

sn mrn – sn mrn

srb – blgrd

swdn – stckhlm

nglnd – lndn

bsn nd hrzgvn – srjv

vtcn cty – vtcn cty

rmn – yrvn

wls – crdff

cyprs – ncs

sctlnd – dnbrgh

blgm – brssls

krn – kyv

swtzrlnd – brn

trky – nkr

Copy and paste one of these sections.

Match these Countries with their Capitals

Draw a line to match each country with its capital

Vatican City                                       Tbilisi

Wales                                                     Rome

Portugal                                                   Amsterdam

Kazakhstan                                                Sarajevo

Turkey                                                   Astana

Georgia                                                    Cardiff

Monaco                                                  Lisbon

Albania                                                  Stockholm

Sweden                                                    Tirana

Slovenia                                                 Ankara

Italy                                                  Ljubljana

Bosnia and Herzegovina                       Vatican City

Netherlands                                           Monaco

Match these Countries with their Capitals

Draw a line to match each country with its capital

Scotland                                            Baku

Switzerland                                         Riga

Slovakia                                               Vienna

Cyprus                                              Valletta

Ukraine                                                  Minsk

Malta                                                    Bratislava

Azerbaijan                                          Helsinki

Belarus                                               Luxembourg

Latvia                                              Bern

Austria                                                 Kyiv

Luxembourg                                          Nicosia

Finland                                            Edinburgh

Croatia                                               Zagreb

Match these Countries with their Capitals

Draw a line to match each country with its capital

Estonia                                            Yerevan

Hungary                                           Reykjavik

Greece                                             San Marino

Romania                                           Budapest

San Marino                                     Andorra la Vella

Andorra                                               Tallinn

Iceland                                                   Oslo

Montenegro                                      Athens

Norway                                                Chisinau

France                                                  Podgorica

Germany                                              Berlin

Armenia                                              Bucharest

Moldova                                                   Paris

Match these Countries with their Capitals

Draw a line to match each country with its capital

Poland                                                Dublin

Denmark                                           Brussels

Spain                                              Copenhagen

Kosovo                                                    Moscow

Serbia                                                   Madrid

Russia                                                Pristina

Bulgaria                                                 Warsaw

Czech Republic                                        Sofia

Belgium                                              Skopje

Macedonia                                                 Prague

Liechtenstein                                         Belgrade

Lithuania                                                   Vaduz

Ireland                                                   Vilnius

Anagrams of European Countries

Have a go at these – answers below

Cold Ants

Vital A

Tzar Sled Win

Old Nap

Ovos ok

Ak Khan Staz

Real Bus

Sea Rib

Lap Or Gut

Box Glue Rum

Cacti Vanity

Rec Gee

A Roe Gig

Akin Rue

A Marine

Banana Hiders Given Zoo

Radar No

Silence Then It

Nice Lad

And Glen

Key Rut

Usa Sir

A Man Irons

Main Oar

I A Actor

Near Gym

Into Sea

A Snip

Hug Yarn

Nail Red

We Send

Las We

No Coma

Glib Aura

Baa Nail

Club Zip Creche

Din Flan

Can Ref

Oval Mod

Mend Ark

Ask Viola

Glib Emu

Amid Ocean

La Tam

Save Lion

Its Aura

Or Yawn

Ha Ail Unit

Cry Sup

A Zebra Jan I

Handle Terns

Gnome Or Ten

Laity

______________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

 

_____________________________________________________

 

 

Answers

Are you sure you want to look?

 

Scroll down then

 

 

 

Scotland  Cold Ants

Latvia  Vital A

Switzerland   Tzar Sled Win

Poland    Old Nap

Kosovo   Ovos ok

Kazakhstan     Ak Khan Staz

Belarus     Real Bus

Serbia   Sea Rib

Portugal     Lap Or Gut

Luxembourg   Box Glue Rum

Vatican City    Cacti Vanity

Greece    Rec Gee

Georgia    A Roe Gig

Ukraine     Akin Rue

Armenia       A Marine

Bosnia and Herzegovina          Banana Hiders Given Zoo

Andorra         Radar No

Liechtenstein    Silence Then It

Iceland    Lad Nice

England     And Glen

Turkey    Key Rut

Russia     Usa Sir

San Marino     A Man Irons

Romania    Main Oar

Croatia    I A Actor

Germany    Near Gym

Estonia     Into Sea

Spain    A Snip

Hungary     Hug Yarn

Ireland       Nail Red

Sweden     We Send

Wales    Las We

Monaco    No Coma

Bulgaria     Glib Aura

Albania    Baa Nail

Czech Republic   Club Zip Creche

Finland    Din Flan

France    Can Ref

Moldova   Oval Mod

Denmark       Mend Ark

Slovakia     Ask Viola

Belgium    Glib Emu

Macedonia     Amid Ocean

Malta     La Tam

Slovenia     Save Lion

Austria   Its Aura

Norway   Or Yawn

Lithuania    Ha Ail Unit

Cyprus    Cry Sup

Azerbaijan   A Zebra Jan I

Netherlands   Handle Terns

Montenegro    Gnome Or Ten

Italy   Laity

 

 

 

I hope you enjoyed that!

 

If you are interested in doing a project then check out this notebook:

There’s just a name on each page – so you can add whatever information you like.

 

 

 

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Geography Teaching Resources

Pangong LakeGeography Teaching Resources

Although maths and English are very important, we shouldn’t stick to just teaching English and maths. Looking at the geography of our world is a great way to interest children and teaches us some skills at the same time. That’s geography skills and maths and English! Here are some useful geography teaching resources that I have found on the internet.

One of the good things about geography is that there are lots of photos lots of different types of pictures and diagrams, and lots of videos we can look at.

These sites are mainly for children up to 11 although some of the books suggested at the end of this article are for older pupils.

Our World

Our World is a welsh primary school site showing local geography, and then European and world geography that the children at a primary school have investigated.  It is aimed at other children in their school but it is a fantastic resource for anyone.

Cafod

5-7 year olds

Focus on food resources.

Here we have a PowerPoint and a PDF.  They tell the story of different children, the homestead living and the food they eat. They often have to grow their own food.

Photo cards of Bangladesh

Here we have a PowerPoint and a set of teachers notes. The teachers notes of really useful. There are three questions for each picture to ask for children and some suggested activities.  You might want to just pick one or two pictures to look at you don’t have to use the whole set.

7-11 year olds

The El Salvador Pack

There is a photo pack you can buy here but you don’t need to as there’s a PDF so you can look at it all online.  There are 34 pages packed with pictures, questions, activities for you to do with your child.

There’s a rather clever video at the top of the page. You can actually click on a number of hotspots so that you can choose which child’s story you’re looking at. You can also look at various themes by clicking on the appropriate hotspot. The hotspots become available when you are 20 seconds into the video, and they are also available at the end of the video so you can choose something else.

Fairtrade bananas

Click here for a five minute film and a short drag and drop activity to do.

Films for Children  – click here for a few more films on various topics

Oxfam Educational Resources

For 8 -16-year-olds

Oxfam have some resources entitled Food for thought.

There is one section for 8 -11 year olds and another for 11 -16 year olds.

In the first section, there is a fictional island and a role -playing game aimed at thinking about issues of sustainability and fairness related to buying land.

In the second section there is a situation for you to investigate concerning the forbidding of land to be sold for biofuels.

Traidcraft

There are lots of resources on the Traidcraft for schools website, especially related to Geography.

These go all the way from KS1 to KS5 and there are lots and good PowerPoints and activities.

These are some of the activities for KS2:

You might also want to look at the Activities and Games Page.

Primary Resources UK

A lot of resources on this site for primary school children so that’s everybody between the ages about 5 and 11.

These have been collected from different teachers over quite a large period of time.  The quality is variable partly because some of the resources look quite old fashioned now.

However, there are masses of PowerPoints and other documents which is very easy to just use either on the computer or to print off if it’s an activity.

There are a number of pages for geography. Each one has a box like this at the top so just click on whatever topic you would like and you’ll get further resources.

3D Geography

http://www.3dgeography.co.uk/

When I first came across this site it was onto a page of photographs, so I wondered why it was called 3D Geography.  However, once I saw the first page it was obvious.

There are lots of models that you can make.

There are examples of rainforest and ocean dioramas that were made by Year 2 children, and there are some backgrounds you can use.

As well as these there are quizzes, word searches, vocabulary lists , animal facts posters and much more.

Using pictures

You will have noticed that there are plenty of picture photobanks amongst the resources. If we are using the photos publically then we have to be careful about copyright. For tutors – sites like https://unsplash.com/ or https://pixabay.com/ are really useful and some of these pictures are amazing.

For instance, I have typed in China on Unsplash and you get 1,307 amazing pictures come up.

https://unsplash.com/search/photos/china

I have done the same on Pixabay and another 4000+ come up but here you have to be careful and some of the pictures will take you to other sites where you need to pay for the pictures.  These are clearly marked, but just be careful. Ignore the sponsored photos and choose from the “4,093 Free photos of China” section.

If you are just looking for some to use at home with your own child then you can be more relaxed about your use of pictures.

 

KS1 Geography Video

Watch this inspirational Geography video showcasing the work of Jane Whittle in an early map making journey with her class.

This would work well whatever the number of children you had, whether it is just you and your child or there are more of you.

Teachers TV: Journey sticks from Tes on Vimeo.

 

One-off articles

Using music together with geography

Transport, travel and Trade

Fairtrade around the world – KS1 – with PowerPoint and activity

Some resources from Amazon

(I do get a small commission if you buy any of the resources below.)

Wildcard Games Mapominoes Europe The Ultimate Geography Game by Wildcard Games

Where in the World Snap Card Game

Yongse 40cm Inflatable World Earth Globe Atlas Map Beach Ball

Wildgoose Education WG2824 Thinking…Geography South America Card (Pack of 20)

Books

Where On Earth?: Geography Without the Boring Bits

KS2 Discover & Learn: Geography – Study Book, Year 3 & 4 (CGP KS2 Geography)  

The Usborne Geography Encyclopedia by Gillian Doherty With internet links. Great for KS2.

Geography of the World by DK Publishing

New Grade 9-1 GCSE Geography Edexcel B: Investigating Geographical Issues – Revision Guide (CGP GCSE Geography 9-1 Revision)

GCSE Geography | Pocket Posters: The Pocket-Sized GCSE Geography Revision Guide

My Revision Notes: WJEC GCSE Geography

Edexcel AS/A-level Geography Student Guide 1: Tectonic Processes and Hazards; Landscape systems, processes and change (Student Guides)

If you have any suggestions, comments or questions please put them in the comments below. I look forward to hearing from you.

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